The Museum began as a repository for the Department of Anthropology, whose expeditions were actively generating collections as early as the 1960's. Now, the museum is home to anthropological artifacts from cultures around the world.
Exhibitions are created by Brigham Young University students working under the direction of the BYU Department of Anthropology. The collections of the Museum of Peoples and Cultures specialize in five main areas: The Great Basin, The American Southwest, Mesoamerica, South America, and Polynesia.
Educational programs at the museum include Story time, FHE at the Museum, Scout Patches, and Date Nights.